La política centralizadora del sha Abbas.

Marc Morató-Aragonés

Resumen


El imperio safávida (1501-1722) supone el fin de un largo periodo de inestabilidad política en la región, siendo el sha Abbas (1571-1629) el mayor exponente de la dinastía debido a sus éxitos políticos y económicos entre los que podríamos destacar la monopolización del comercio sedero y la extensión de la autoridad central en lugares donde dinastías locales habían sobrevivido al imperio safávida. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el proyecto político del sha y su impacto sobre dos lugares concretos, Mazandarán junto al mar Caspio y Lar cerca del Golfo Pérsico.

The present work aims to study the strengthening of the figure of Shah Abbas (1571-1629) in the Safavid Empire, as well as the expansion of it. Based on the relations that had with two provinces traditionally ruled by autonomous dynasty, although vassal of the Safavids. On the one hand, the lordship of Mazandaran, by the Caspian Sea, a land suitable for the production of silk whose sovereignty could be claimed by Shah Abbas; on the other, the lordship of Lar, in the Persian Gulf, a meeting point between the Iranian, Indian and European worlds. Two provinces which, when occupied by the Shah, would help with their resources to sustain the power of the sovereign over their quizilbash vassals, as well as to promote its ghulam servants to the top of the institutions. I also speak of the great mercantilist project of Shah Abbas, in close collaboration with the Armenian oligarchy, without whose existence the fate of Lar and Mazandaran, even the Safavid Empire, could have been very different.


Palabras clave


Historia política

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Revista semestral presente en:
Tiempos Modernos: Revista Electrónica de Historia Moderna
ISSN: 1699-7778